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Family Sheet

Name: Andrew Pickens General Note Born: 13 Sep 1739 at Lancaster Co., , , Pa Married: 19 Mar 1765 at Long Cane Creek, , Abbeville Co., SC Died: 11 Aug 1817 at Tammassee, , Oconee Co., SC Father: Andrew Pickens Mother: Nancy Ann Davis
Name: Rebecca Floride Calhoun Born: 18 Nov 1745 at Augusta Co., , , VA Died: 19 Dec 1814 at Abbeville Co., , , SC Father: Ezekiel Calhoun Mother: Jean Jane Ewing
Name: Mary Pickens Born: 19 Feb 1766 at Abbeville Co., , , SC Died: 27 May 1836 at Pendleton, , , South Carolina Husband: John Harris Md
Name: Ezekiel Pickens Born: 3 Mar 1768 at Augusta Co., , , VA Died: 13 Jun 1814 at SC, , , Wife: Elizabeth Bonneau
Name: Ann Pickens Born: 12 Apr 1770 at Abbeville Co., , , SC Died: 30 Mar 1846 Husband: John Simpson
Name: Jane Pickens Born: Mar 1773 at Pendleton District, , , SC Died: Oct 1773 at Pendleton District, , , SC
Name: Jane Bonneau Pickens Born: 9 Nov 1774 at Abbeville District, , , SC Died: 28 Apr 1848 at Pontotoc Co., , , MS Husband: John Henry Miller
Name: Margaret Pickens Born: 13 Jul 1776 at Abbeville Co., , , SC Died: 14 Dec 1830 at Selma, , , AL Husband: George Bowie
Name: Andrew Pickens Governor Born: 13 Nov 1779 at Pendleton District, , , SC Died: 24 Jun 1838 at Edgewood, , , SC Wife: Mary Nelson
Name: Rebecca Pickens Born: 3 Jan 1784 at Pendleton District, , , SC Died: 5 Feb 1831 Husband: William Noble
Name: Catherine Pickens Born: 9 Jun 1786 at Pendleton District, , , SC Died: 18 May 1871 at Selma, , , AL Husband: Dr John Hunter
Name: Joseph Pickens Born: 30 Mar 1791 at Pendleton District, , , SC Died: 3 Feb 1853 at Cahaba, , , AL Wife: Caroline J. Henderson
Name: John Pickens Born: Abt 1792 at Pendleton District, , , SC Died:
1). Andrew Pickens was of French descent, his ancestors having beendrivenout of their native land in consequence of the revocation of theedictof Nantes. He was born in Paxton township, Penn., September 19,1739.His father emigrated to Pennsylvania, and from there removedtoVirginia, while Andrew was in his early youth, settling nearwhereStanton now stands. In 1752 the family again removed, this timetoWaxhaws, B.C. They were among the first settlers in that part ofSouthCarolina. Schools were not easily attainable, and young Pickenshadfew educational advantages. His youth was largely spent inhuntingand in agricultural pursuits. He was gifted with naturalendowmentsof a high order, and was much respected by his circleofacquaintances. His distinguishing characteristic was greatstrengthand decision of mind, and he was the possessor of an uncommonshare ofsagacity. In person he was above the average height, wasactive,hardy and muscular. His military career dates back to theFrench war,which came to a close in 1763, and in this war he laid thefoundationfor that military character by which he afterward became soeminent.In 1762 he served as a volunteer in the sanguinary expeditionagainstthe Cherokee Indians, under Lieut. Col. Grant, a Britishofficer. Inthe early part of 1764, Mr. Pickens, the subject of thissketch,removed to Long Cane settlement, very near the present siteofAbbeville. Some years previous to this, in the midst of theIndiandisturbances, he had become acquainted with Miss RebeccaCalhoun,daughter of Ezekiel Calhoun, and sister of John C. Calhoun,who diedwhile serving as a United senator from South Carolina. MissCalhounafterward became the wife of Mr. Pickens, and was the mother ofalarge family of children. He early took an active stand againsttheclaim of Great Britain to tax the colonies without their consent,buthe found opponents in plenty, as a large number of theneighboringinhabitants were Tories, and when the Revolutionary warbroke out, itcame accompanied with the horrors of civil contention.Thebloodymidnight contests arising between neighboring families, evenovertheir hearthstones, were far more terrible than the encroachmentsof aforeign foe, and it required the sternest patriotism and themostindomitable courage on the part of the Whigs to withstand theassaultsboth of internal and external enemies. At the very opening oftheRevolution, Andrew Pickens raised a company of volunteer, and wasmadetheir captain. The part he took in the succeeding struggle makeshisname one of the brightest and mostdistinguished upon the pages ofthehistory which records the events of that stirring era of ournation slife. His skill and bravery were soon recognized, and fromcaptain hewas rapidly promoted to the rank of major, colonelandbrigadier general. He was a contemporary and most able coadjutorofMarion and Sumter, and these three generals were themostdistinguished of southern commanders. This will the morereadilyappear when we remember that for three years just preceding thebattleof Cowpens, the American arms had sustained reverse afterreverse inall parts of the country, but these three generals foughtwith few orno resources, save with their own untiring bravery andundying spirit.In 1782 Gen. Pickens was commander in chief of anexpedition againstthe Cherokee Indians, and such was the spirit withwhich he prosecutedthe warfare, that with only a force of five hundredmen, he subduedthis powerful tribe, and conquered a complete andlasting peace withthem which has never since been disturbed. He waswith Gen. Lincolnat the battle of Stono, and had his horse killedunder him while hewas covering the retreat of the American forces atthe famous battleof Cowpens, he commanded the militia. All thingsconsidered this wasone of the most daring and gallant battles of theRevolution. It wasthrough the unwonted bravery of the militia inrallying after they hadtwice been driven back by a superior force thatthe victory of thecontinental forces became complete and overwhelming,and this greattriumph was largely due to the adroitnessand tacticalskill withwhich Col. Pickens handled the militia. For his gallantryand braveryon this occasion, congress voted him a sword andimmediately promotedhim to the rank of brigadier general. In 1794,under the neworganization of the militia pursuant to an act ofcongress, he wasappointed one of the two major generals of the stateof SouthCarolina. He was also appointed one of the commissioners tosettlethe line between South Carolina and Georgia. He was appointedacommissioner of the United States inall treaties held with allthesouthern tribes of Indians, which commission he held till hewithdrewfrom public life. After peace was fairly established, bothwithforeign and domestic foes, Gen. Pickens retired to his farmatTomassee, where he devoted himselfto the quiet of domesticpursuits.But he was often visited by numerous relatives and friendswhom heentertained with an easy and generous hospitality. He wasaninterested observer of the conflict which broke out betweenthiscountry and Great Britain in 1812, and such was the confidence ofhisfellow citizens in his patriotism and sagacity as a statesman,thatwithout his knowledge, by the spontaneous voice of his countrymen,hewas called to a seat in the state legislature. He was pressedtoaccept the office of chief executive of the state, but he declined,preferring to leave the more active duties of the government toyoungerhands. The strong points in his character were profoundjudgment andgreat decision guided by rare prudence. He died suddenlyin 1817,apparently in robust health. He was a member of thePresbyterianchurch, and left the scenes in which he had taken soconspicuous andbeneficent a part in the full belief of the truths ofChristianity andof a triumphant resurrection. Cyclopedia of EminentMen....1892


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