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I'm Rob Salzman (email: genealogy at
8630 SW Scholls Ferry Rd #133, Beaverton OR is my personal genealogy hobby site. The data contained here has been gathered through 20 years of genealogy. It contains everyone I know who are connected to European Royalty or Nobility. Some small part of it is my original research, but most of it has been generously shared with me!

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This website updated on November 18, 2016.

Family Sheet
Name: Emperor Charlemagne Of Holy Roman Empire [1] Note Born: 2 Apr 742 at Aix La Chapelle, Austrasia [2] Married: Abt 807 Died: 28 Jan 813-814 at Aix La Chapelle, Austrasia [4] Other Spouses: Bertha De Toulouse Queen Of Italy
Countess Hildegard Savoy Of Vinzgau
Empress Desiderata (sibilla, Bertha) Fastrada Of The Holy Roman Empire
Reginopycrha Of The Holy Roman Empire
Hildegarde Of Swabia
Father: Pepin The Short King Of The Franks Mother: Lady Bertha
Name: Adallind Born: Died:
Name: Theodoric Born: Abt 807 Died: Abt 819
1). Ancestral File R 2). royalfam.ged 4). royalfam.ged
1). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Charlemagne c. 2nd of April, 747 28th of January, 814 or Charles the Great, in German Karl der Gro�e, in Latin Carolus Magnus, giving rise to the adjective form Carolingian, was king of the Franks from 771 to 814, nominally King of the Lombards, and Holy Roman Emperor � Imperator and Augustus. Date of birth Up until the mid 20th century, Charlemagne s birthday was believed to be the 2nd of April, 742, but several factors led to reconsideration of this traditional date. First, the year 742 was calculated from his age given at death, rather than attested with primary sources. The second problem is that 742 precedes the marriage of his parents in 744 , yet there is no indication that Charlemagne was a bastard, and he inherited from his parents which ought not to have been possible under those circumstances. Another date is that given in the Annales Petarienses, the 2nd of April, 747. In that year, the 2nd of April is Easter. Since the birth of an Emperor on Easter is a coincidence likely to provoke comment, there is suspicion evoked by the fact that there is no such comment documented in 747, leading some to suspect the Easter birthday was a pious fiction concocted as a way of honoring the Emperor. Other commentators weighing the primary records have suggested that the birth was one year later, 748. So at present, it is impossible to be certain of the date of the birth of Charlemagne. The best guesses include the 2nd of April, 747, after the 15th of April, 747, or the 2nd of April, 748. Life Arguably the founder of the Frankish Empire in Western Europe, Charlemagne was the elder son of Pepin the Short 714 September 24, 768, reigned 751 768 and his wife Bertrada of Laon 720 July 12, 783 he was the brother of the Lady Bertha mother of Roland and later became the first Carolingian king. Pepin the Short indulged in the monopoly of the coining of money, deciding on the opening and closure of minting shops, the weight, title and the subjects represented. Thus, European coinage began with Pepin, who revived the system put in place by the ancient Greeks and Romans and kept going by the Eastern Roman Empire 1 libra 20 solidi 240 denarii . On the death of Pepin the kingdom was divided between Charlemagne and his brother Carloman Carloman ruled Austrasia. Carloman died on the December 5, 771, leaving Charlemagne the leader of a reunified Frankish kingdom. Charlemagne was engaged in almost constant battle throughout his reign. He conquered Saxony in the 8th century, a goal that had been the unattainable dream of Augustus. It took Charlemagne more than 18 battles to win this victory. He proceeded to force Catholicism on the conquered, slaughtering those who refused to convert. He dreamed of the reconquest of Spain, but never fully succeeded in this goal. In 800, at Mass on Christmas day in Rome, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor, a title that had been out of use in the West since the abdication of Romulus Augustulus in 476. While this title helped to make Europe independent of Constantinople, Charlemagne did not use the title until much later, as he feared it would create dependence on the Pope. Pursuing his father s reforms, Charlemagne did away with the monetary system based on the gold sou. Both he and King Offa of Mercia took up the system set in place by Pippin. He set up a new standard, the livre i.e. pound � both monetary and unit of weight� which was worth 20 sous as per the solidus, and later the shilling or 240 deniers as per the denari, and eventually the penny . During this period, the livre and the sou were counting units, only the denier was a coin of the realm. Charlemagne applied the system to much of the European Continent, and Offa s standard was voluntarily adopted by much of England. Charlemagne organized his empire into 350 counties, each led by an appointed count. Counts served as judges, administrators, and enforced capitularies. To enforce loyalty, he set up the system of Missi Dominici, meaning Envoys of the Lord. In this system, one representative of the church and one representative of the emperor would head to the different counties and every year report back to Charlemagne on their status. When Charlemagne died in 814, he was buried in his own Cathedral at Aachen. He was succeeded by his only son to survive him, Louis the Pious, after whose reign the empire was divided between his three surviving sons according to Frankish tradition. These three kingdoms would be the foundations of later France and the Holy Roman Empire. After Charlemagne s death, continental coinage degraded and most of Europe resorted to using the continued high quality English coin until about 1100. It is difficult to understand Charlemagne s attitude toward his daughters. None of them contracted a sacramental marriage. This may have been an attempt to control the number of potential alliances. After his death the surviving daughters entered or were forced to enter monasteries. At least one of them, Bertha, had a recognized relationship, if not a marriage, with Angilbert, a member of Charlemagne s court circle. Cultural significance Charlemagne s reign is often referred to as the Carolingian Renaissance because of the flowering of scholarship, literature, art and architecture. Most of the surviving works of classical Latin were copied and preserved by Carolingian scholars. The pan European nature of Charlemagne s influence is indicated by the origins of many of the men who worked for him Alcuin, an Anglo Saxon Theodulf, a Visigoth Paul the Deacon, a Lombard and Angilbert and Einhard, Franks. Charlemagne enjoyed an important afterlife in European culture. One of the great medieval literature cycles, the Charlemagne cycle or Matter of France, centres around the deeds of Charlemagne s historical commander of the Breton border, Roland, and the paladins who served as a counterpart to the knights of the Round Table their tales were first told in the chansons de geste. Charlemagne himself was accorded sainthood inside the Holy Roman Empire after the 12th Century. He was a model knight as one of the Nine Worthies It is frequently claimed by genealogists that all people with European ancestry alive today are probably descended from Charlemagne. However, only a small percentage can actually prove descent from him. Charlemagne s marriage and relationship politics and ethics did, however, result in a fairly large number of descendants, all of whom had far better life expectancies than is usually the case for children in that time period. They were married into houses of nobility and as a result of intermarriages many people of noble descent can indeed trace their ancestry back to Charlemagne. Charlemagne s portraits The Roman tradition of realistic personal portraiture was in complete eclipse at the time of Charlemagne, where individual traits were submerged in iconic typecastings. Charlemagne, as an ideal ruler, ought to be portrayed in the corresponding fashion, any contemporary would have assumed. The images of enthroned Charlemagne, God s representative on Earth, bear more connections to the icons of Christ in Majesty than to modern or Antique conceptions of portraiture. Even the verbal portrait by Einhard suppresses details that would have been indecorous in this context. Charlemagne in later imagery illustration above is often portrayed with flowing blond hair, due to a misunderstanding of Einharts Vita caroli Magni chapter 22 where Charlemagne in his age had canitie pulchra beautiful white hair which has been rendered as blond or fair in many translations. Latin words for blond is flavus and rutilo , for golden red or auburn, the word Tacitus uses for the Germans hair. Altough no text says so, an unfounded perception has arisen that Charlemagne was blond. Wives 1. Himiltrude 2. Ermengarda or Desiderata 3. Hildegard of Savory married Abt 771 758 783 4. Fastrada married 784 died 794 5. Luitgard married 794 died 800 Children 1. Pepin the Hunchback d. 813 2. Charles, King of Neustria d. 811 3. Pepin, King of Italy ruled 781 810 4. Louis I The Pious, King of Aquitaine, Emperor ruled 814 840 5. Lothar d. 780 6. Six Daughters Hildegarde?, Gisele?, Adelheid?, Bertha?, Lothaire?, Rotrud? 7. Aupais ?

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