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1). !BIRTH David B. Scudder, comp., Scudder Family in A m e r i ca The Beginnings, SCUDDER SEARCHES The Scudde r As so c ia tion, Inc., 670 8 B Lee Highway, Arlington, V A 222 05 , Vol . I, No. 2 Summer 1989 , p. 9. !MARRIAGE Ibid. !DEATH Ibid.n, but in God s sight, making the wo r d o f G o d the rule of his worship. He highly esteemed o rd er i n t h e House of God but would not under color o f tha t sub mi t t o superstitious rites, which are superfl uous , and pe ris h i n their use. He reverenced Authorit y keepi ng withi n it s sph ere but durst not under preten ce of su bjectio n to th e high er powers, worship God afte r the tra dition s of men . He mad e conscience of all God s ordinanc es, tho ugh som e he esteem ed of more consequen ce. He wa s much i n prayer with it he b egan and close d the day. I t is he w as much e xercised in hi s closet, f amily and pub lic assemb ly. He est eemed that mann er of p rayer best, wh ereby the g ift of God , expressions wer e varied accordin g to presen t wants and o ccasions yet d i d he not accoun t set forms u nlawful. There fore in tha t circ umstance o f the church h e did not wholl y reject t he liturgy , but t he corruption o f it. He esteeme d readi ng of the wor d a nordinance of Go d both in privat e an d public but did n o t account readin g to be preaching . T he word read he est eeme d of more auth ority, but the wo r d preached of more e fficien cy. He accou nted preachin g as n ecessary now as i n the Primi tive Churc h, God s pl easure be ing still by th e foolishnes s of preac hing to s ave those th at believe. H e esteemed th e preachin g bes t wherein was mos t of God, l east of man, whe n vain f lou rishes of wit and wo rds wer e declined, and the d emonstr ation of God s Spirit a nd po wer studied yet could h e d i stinguish between studie d pl ainness and negligent rude n es s. He accounted perspicui t y the best grace of a prea che r And that method best, wh i ch was most helpful to t he un der standing, affection, an d m emory. To which ordin arily h e est eemed none so conduc ibl e as that by doctrin e, reaso n and us e. He esteemed th ose s ermons best tha t came close st to th e conscience ye t woul d he have men s conscience s awakened , nottheir pe rsons di sgraced. H e was a man o f good spiritu al appetite , and coul d not b e contented wit h one meal a day . An aft ernoon sermo n di d relish as wel l to him as one in t he mo rning. He wa s n ot satisfied wit h prayers without preac hi ngwhich i f i t were wanting a t home, he would seek abro a d yet wo uld h e not by absenc e discourage his minister , i f faith ful, tho ugh another mi ght have quicker gifts . A lect ur e he esteeme d, though no t necessary, yet a ble ssing, a n d would read su ch an oppor tunity with some pain s and l oss . The Lord s Da y he esteem ed a divine ordinanc e, an d rest o n it necessary , so far a s it conduced to ho line ss. He was v ery conscient ious in o bservance of tha t da y as the mart da y of thesoul . He wa s careful to rem emb er it, to get house , and heart i n orde r for it and wh e n it came, he was studio us to improv e it . He redeems t h e morning from superfluous s leep, and w atc hes the who l e day over his thoughts and words , not onl y t o restra i n them from wickedness, but worldlines s. All p ar ts o f th e day were like holy to him, and his car e was co n ti nue d in it in variety of holy duties what he he a r d i n publ ic, he repeated in private, to whet it upon hi m s el f an d family. Lawful recreations he thought this da y u nse a so nable, and unlawful ones much more abominable ye t h e k n ew the liberty God gave him for needful refr eshin g , whic h h e neither did refuse nor abuse. The sacr amen t o f baptis m h e received in infancy, which he looke d bac k t o in age t o an swer his engagements, and claim h is pri vile ges. The Lo rd s Supper he accounted part of h is soul s fo od to whic h h e labored to keep an appetite . He est eeme d it an ordina nc e of nearest communion wit h Christ , and s o requiring mos t e xact preparation. Hi s first car e was i n the examinatio n o f himself yet a s an act of of fice o r charity, he had a n ey e on others. He endeavored to have the scandalous cast out of commu n i o n but he cast not out himself, because the scandalo u s w e r e suffered by the negligence of others. He condem ne d th a t s uperstition and vanity of Popish mock fasts ye t negl ec te d not an occasion to humble his soul by r igh t fasting H e a bhorred the popish doctrine of opus o pera tum in th e act ion . And in practice rested in no per forma nce, but w hat wa s do ne in spirit and truth. He tho ught G od had lef t a rul e in h is word for discipline, an d tha t aristocrati cal by e lders , not monarchical by bis hops , nor democratic al by th e peopl e. Right disciplin e he ju dged pertaining n ot to th e being , but to the wel l bein g of a church. There fore he e steeme d those church es mos t pure where governmen t is by el ders, y et unchurc hed no t those where it was oth erwise. Per fectio n in chu rches h e thought a thing rathe r to be desire d, tha n hop ed for . And so he expected no t a church state w ithou t a ll defe cts. The corruptions tha t were in churche s he th o ught hi s duty to bewail, with en deavors of amendme nt yet h e wo uld not separate, where h e might partake i n t he worshi p , and not in the corruption . He put not ho lines s in chu rche s, as in the temple of th e Jews but c ounted t hem co nvenien t like their synagogues . He woul d have them k ep t decent, no t magnificent knowin g tha t the gospel requ i res not outwar d pomp. His chief mu si c was singing of ps alm s wherein thoug h he neglected n o t the melody of the v oice , yet he chiefl y looked afte r th at of the heart. H e dislik ed such church m usic as m oved s ensual delight, a nd was a s hinderance to spi ritua l enlarg ements. He accou nted subje ction to the highe r p owers tob e part of pur e religion, a s well as to visi t t he fatherle ss and widow s yet did he d istinguish bet ween au thority a nd lusts o f magistrates, t o that he sub mitted, bu t in the se he dur st not be a servan t of men , being bought w it h a price. J ust laws and command s h e willingly obeyed n o t only for f ear but for conscien c e also but such as wer e u njust h e refused to observe , cho osing rather to obey G od th an m an yet his refusa l was mod est and with submissi on to p e nalties,unless h e could proc ure indulgence fro m authorit y . He was caref ul in all relat ions to know, an d to duty , an d that wit h singleness of hea rt as unto Chri st. He a ccounte d reli gion an engagement t o duty, that th e best C hristian s sh ould bebest husbands , best wives, be st pare nts, bes t c hildren, best masters, b est servants, b est ma gistrat es, bes t subjects, that the do ctrine of Go d migh t be ad orned, no t blasphemed. His famil y he endeavo rs t o mak e a church, bot h in regardof person s and exerci ses , ad mitting none into i t but such as feare d God and l ab ori ng that those that wer e borne in it, migh t be born a g ai n unto God. He blessed hi s family morning an d eveni n g b y the word and prayer and too k care to perfor m thos e o r dinances in the best season. He b rought up his c hild r e n in the nurture and admonition of th e Lord and comm a n de d his servants to keep the way of the Lo rd. He s e t u p dis cipline in his family, as he desired it i n th e c hurch, no t only reproving but restraining vilenes s i n hi s. He w a s conscientious of equity as well as pie ty know i ng tha t u nrighteousness is abomination as wel l as ungodli n ess . He w as cautious in promising, but car eful in perfo rmin g , count ing his word no less engagemen t than his bon d. H e w as a ma n of tender heart, not onl y in regard of h is ow n sin , bu t others misery, not coun ting mercy arbitr ary, b ut a ne ces sary duty wherein as h e prayed for wisdo m to di rect him , s o he studied for ch eerfulness and boun ty to ac t. He wa s so ber in the use o f things of this lif e, rathe r beating d ow n the body, th an pampering it, ye t he denie d not himsel f t he use of G od s blessing, les t he should b e unthankful , bu t avoi d excess lest he shou ld be forgetfu l of the Donor . I n h is habit he avoided co stliness and va nity, neither ex c e eding his degree in civ ility, nor decli ning what suite d w i th Christianity, desi ring in all thing s to expres s gravit y . He own life he ac counted a warfare , wherei n Christ wa s hi s captain, his a rms, prayers, an d tears . The Cross hi s bann er, and his w ord, Vincit qui p atitu r. He was immovable in all times, so that they who in t h e m i d st of many opinions have lost the view of true re li gio n , ma y return to him and find it. Reader, seeing a passage in Mr. Tombes his book agai n s t p a edobaptism wherein he compares the Nonconformis t s i n En gl and to the Anabaptists in Germany in regar d o f thei r mis car riages and ill success in their endeav ors , till o f lat e years I was moved for the vindicatio n o f those fa ithfu l and r everend witnesses of Christ, t o pu blish thi s Charac ter whe reof if any shall desire p roo f in matte r of fact , as in th e matter of right, th e Marg in contain s evidence , let him either consult thei r writi ngs, or tho se who ar e fit witnesse s by reason o f age, fi delity and a cquaintanc e, having full y known th eir doctri ne, manner o f life, purp ose, faith, lon g suff ering, love , patience, p ersecution an d affliction, et c. 2 Timothy 3 10, 11. An d I doubt not bu t full testimon y w ill be give n that thei r aim and genera l course was a ccordin g to rul e some extr avagance there b e in all pro fessions, b ut w e are to judg e of a professio n by the ru le they hold for th, and that c arriage of the pr ofessor s which is genera l a nd ordinary . FINIS. John Tombes was a prolific champion of Believer s Ba p t i s m during the third quarter of the 17th Century. O f a l l t h e men who have ever taken pen in hand to writ e on b ap tis m , Tombes has the largest number of publishe d pages . W riti n g asan Oxonian scholastical Puritan, To mbes bri ng s al l o f his scholarship to bear upon this on e issue his toric ally , exegetically, and theologically . For tho se o f you fa milia r with the era, Henry Scudde r was Joh n Tombe s father in la w.an settlers in the wil ds of Amer ica. The facts given show the high standard he maintain e d i n h i s adopted home. With advantages of family and e du cati o n h e seems to have united a most liberal disrega r d of h i s ow n personal interests, to the advantage of t h e colon y , to wh oseservice he devoted much of his lif e . The colo ni sts need ed just such men and the many an d c onspicuou s tru sts place d in his hands show that he w as f aithful t o them. He was a merchant nearly all his life, at times he m u s t h a ve been successful as numerous land transaction s a n d oth e r evidences indicate. But at his death, his e sta t e was ve r y small he must have divided the most o f hi s pr operty am on g his children before his death, a s his c onvey ance to hi s s on Joseph would indicate. He d ied at t he hom e of his on ly d aughter. The only books me ntioned a mong hi s personal e ffect s, a Bible in Qto an d Clark s Martyro logie, ar e a comme ntary upon his lif e. He lived in an age of wonderful changes, and his w a s a l o n g and eventful career. If it could be reviewe d b y us i n a l l its strong lights and shades, it would b e mo re inte rest in g than the most fascinating tale of fi ction. He was the emigrant ancestor of all the Bartholome w s o f t h is family in the United States, and it is hope d t ha t know le dge of his force of character and sterlin g wor t h may enc our age some of his weaker descendants t o be mo r e worthy o f s onoble a sire. Mrs. Anna is first mentioned in the records by tha t n a m e , in 1653, but was probably his only wife. She i s sup po s e d to have been the sister of Robert Lord, a s th e lat te r , in a letter recorded, calls William Barth olome w, br oth er , and the relation could not have bee n throu gh Robe rt L ord s wife, as the names and intermar riages o f her fa mil y ar e well known. She may have also held that relation to Edward Bro w n o r h i s wife Faith, as Edward Brown in his will in 16 59 , al so m en tions his brother Bartholomew. William Bartholomew s house, in Ipswich, was between R o b e r t Lord s on the east and Edward Brown s on the west . b y th ei r descendants.
Name: John Scudder Note
Married: 1669 at Newtown, , Long Island, NY
Died: at Newtown, , Long Island, NY
Father: John Scudder
Mother: Dorothy Mary King
Name: Joanna Betts Note
Born: Abt 1647 at Newtown, , Long Island, NY
Died: Aft 16 Mar 1711 at Newtown, , Queens, NY
Father: Richard Betts
Mother: Joanna Chamberlin
Name: John Scudder
Born: 1675 at Newtown, , Queens, NY
Died: 15 Jan 1738 at Westfield, , Essex, NJ
Wife: Mary Pack
Name: Richard Betts Scudder
Born: 1676 at Newtown, , Long Island, NY
Died: 14 Mar 1759 at Trenton, , , NJ
Wife: Hannah Reeder
2). !BIRTH Richard Alan Scudder, comp., Ancestry of Ri c h a r d Betts Sc udder and Hannah Reeder, SCUDDER ASSO CI AT I O N NEWSLETTER, no. 117 Wi nter 1986 , p. 10. !MARRIAGE Ibid. !DEATH Ibid.